Professor John G. Shepherd

Professor John G. Shepherd MA, PhD, CMath, FIMA, FRS

Professor John Shepherd CBE FRS is Professorial Research Fellow in Earth System Science in the School of Ocean & Earth Science at the National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton. He is a physicist by training, but has worked on a wide range of environmental issues, including the transport of sulphur dioxide in the atmospheric boundary layer, the dispersion of tracers in the deep ocean, the assessment & control of radioactive waste disposal in the sea, the assessment and management of marine fish stocks, and most recently on Earth System Modelling.

His current research interests are in climate change and the natural variability of the climate system on long time-scales, and in the development and application of intermediate complexity models of the Earth climate system, especially for the interpretation of the palaeo-climate record.

From 1989-1994 he was Deputy Director of the MAFF Fisheries Laboratory at Lowestoft, and the principal scientific adviser to the UK government on marine fisheries management. He has been at the University of Southampton since 1994, and from 1994-1999 he was the first Director of what is now the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton.

He has extensive experience of international scientific assessments and advice in controversial areas such as fisheries management and radioactive waste disposal, as well as climate change, and has taken a particular interest in the interaction between science, economics, and public policy.

He was a Deputy Director of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research from 2001 to 2010, and is a former member of the DEFRA Science Advisory Council. He has chaired independent reviews of several offshore decommissioning projects including the UKOOA Drill Cuttings Initiative and the BP Northwest Hutton decommissioning, and is currently Chair of the Scientific Advisory Group of the UK Department of Energy & Climate Change.

He is a Fellow of the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications, was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1999, was a member of the Royal Society’s study on Ocean Acidification (2005) and chaired its study on Geoengineering the Climate (2009).

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Associate Professor Torgeir Bakke

Associate Professor Torgeir Bakke BScChem/Biol, Cand.real. (MSc equiv.)

Mr Bakke received his Cand.real. degree in marine biology (zoology) at the University of Bergen, Norway in 1972. From 1972 to 1978 he held a position as Assistant Professor at the University of Bergen. During 1978 – 1980 he was Research Scientist at the Institute of Marine Research in Bergen, and has held a research position at the Norwegian Institute for Water Research, NIVA, since 1980.

In NIVA he has also held positions as Head of the Marine Department (1991-1995), and Research Manager for Industry and for Oil and Gas (1985 – 1998). At present he holds a position as Senior Research Scientist and Coordinator for Oil and Gas issues at NIVA. From August 2008 he was also awarded a part time position as Associate Professor in marine biology at the University of Oslo.

His main field of research since 1978 has been fate and effects of oil hydrocarbons on marine organisms and systems, primarily centred on long term experiments in large scale experimental ecosystems (mesocosms), where his speciality has been research on the physiological responses of invertebrates to hydrocarbons and other stressors.

Since 1982 he has conducted research on the environmental impact of oil based and synthetic drill cuttings, including the development of simulated seabed mesocosm tests on the degradation and effects of drill cuttings. He also has considerable experience in long term chemical and biological monitoring in rocky shore and soft sediment ecosystems, environmental impact and risk assessments of industrial activities, and offshore environmental management.

During 1978 – 1990 he had a position as General Secretary for the Nordic Council for Marine Biology, and since 1987 he has been member and coordinator for the Norwegian Expert Group on the Evaluation of Environmental Monitoring around Offshore Fields.

Professor Günther F. Clauss

Professor Günther F. Clauss BSc, MSc, PhD, FRINA, MSNAME

Professor Clauss studied technical physics at the Technical Universities at Munich (B.Sc. – 1964) and Berlin (M.Sc.), and completed his doctorate at the Institute of Aerospace (TU Berlin) in the year 1968.

He established the new field ‘ocean engineering’ at the Technical University Berlin and became professor of Ocean Engineering in 1972. After research visits at the MIT-Department of Ocean Engineering, the Institute of NAOE, University of California at Berkely, and the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, he was offered the first Chair of Ocean Engineering in Germany at the TU Berlin in 1973.

For many years he served as a Director of the Institute of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, the Dean of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Transport Systems and was a Senator at the Academic Council for 12 years.

The extensive research activities of Günther Clauss - focussing on the design and hydromechanics of offshore structures as well as on deep sea technology – cover projects on capsizing of ships, design and optimisation of offshore platforms, pipelaying vessels and floating cranes as well as the development of oil skimming vessels, deepsea shuttles and ocean mining systems.

For the deterministic analysis of cause-reaction chains he developed a seakeeping test procedure which uses tailored extreme waves – embedded in irregular seas – to investigate precisely wave/structure interactions.

With his research assistants, colleagues and industry partners he published more than 400 papers. Under his guidance more than 35 Ph.D. theses have been successfully completed – based on research projects of the European Union, the German Ministries BMBF (Research and Development) and BMWi (Economy and Technology), the German Science Foundation (DFG) and the Association of Industrial Partners.

Günther Clauss served as chairman and member at ITTC and ISSC, is member of STG (executive board) In offshore platform decommissioning he served as a member in the IRG of Brent Spar and was engaged in the Scientific Review Group (SRG) for the Ekofisk Field.

He received the KERN-Maritime Technology Award in 2005, the SOBENA International Reward 2006 (for the outstanding contribution to the knowledge in Naval Architecture and Ocean engineering), and has been honoured by his nomination as Georg-Weinblum-Memorial Lecturer 2006/2007 (for outstanding contributions to the field of offshore hydrodynamics).

Professor David R. Davies

Professor David R. Davies Bsc., PhD

Professor Davies has a first degree in Chemistry from Exeter University and a PhD in Theoretical and Experimental Chemical Physics from the same University. His initial industrial experience was 4 years with Shell Chemical UK Ltd. In Stanlow, Cheshire where he was involved in the solution of process control and chemical engineering problems on their plants making a wide variety of products.

He subsequently spent the next 22 years with Shell Exploration & Production, Rijswijk, The Netherlands working on Technology Development & Application. He led theoretical and experimental groups working in virtually all areas of Drilling and Production Operations e.g. Well Stimulation, hydraulic Fracturing, Rock Mechanics, Fluid Mechanics, Well Performance modelling,  Drilling Fluids,  Well Cementing, etc.  He was assigned for 3 years to Brunei Shell Petroleum Ltd. as a Senior Engineer working in Drilling and Production Operations overseeing well construction by 13 drilling rigs as well as operations of a workover / stimulation vessel and production hoists.

He joined Heriot-Watt University in 1996 and now holds the position of Professor in Production Technology. He presents Production Technology to his students in its broadest sense to cover the traditional Production Engineering subjects as well as emphasising the importance of subsurface reservoir and the surface facilities on the actual well performance. The impact of environmental aspects and mitigation measures on production activities is of particular interest.

Working with colleagues and students, his current research efforts include production oriented projects in the areas of Horizontal / Smart Well Inflow / Well Testing and its relationship to Reservoir Description, Sand Control, Artificial Lift (Gas Lift & ESPs), Water Control, Formation Impairment, Water Injection etc. He leads an industrially supported project now in its 11th year entitled “Added Value of Intelligent Wells and Fields system Technology”.

It studies the application of "Intelligent wells" allow "the installation, operation, monitoring and control of completions without the need for conventional interventions so as to increase the "value" of hydrocarbon reserves. Modelling of intelligent wells and the development of methodologies to quantify their value aids in the design and specification of remote control and monitoring systems as well as improving reservoir management pro cesses and project profitability.

He is an active member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, having sat on many conference and forum committees as well as journal editorial boards. During 1995/6 he was a Distinguished Lecturer on the topic of "Well Productivity Optimisation".

Professor Davies has authored more than 100 open literature publications and holds 8 patents and 10 research disclosures.

Professor William D. Dover

Professor William D. Dover FIMechE, CEng, FINDT

Professor Dover has been a Professor at University College London since 1983, Shell Professor of Mechanical Engineering since 1987, Centre Coordinator of the London Centre for Marine Technology, and Head of the UCL NDE Centre. He is currently the Emeritus Shell Professor of Mechanical Engineering at UCL.

Professor Dover established the UCL NDE Centre in 1985 and was a founding member of TSC Inspection Systems. He has led many major projects in Fatigue Fracture Mechanics of Offshore Structures (the Marine Technology Cohesive Fatigue Programmes and EU projects such as RISC), Inspection Reliability (the UCL Underwater NDE Centre and European Programmes ICON, EDICS, and RACH), and NDT research (ACFM development and the EU AIRES project).

Current interests are Chairman of the UCL NDE Centre, Structural Integrity Monitoring (SIMoNET and research into non-contacting stress measurement (including residual stress), the ACSM StressProbe approach.

He has been a member of various Government committees, acted as a Consultant for the World Bank and been Programme Champion for a series of EPSRC National Programmes on Fatigue of Offshore Structures.

Professor Dover has been author, co-author, and editor of some 250 papers and books.

Professor Quentin Fisher

Professor Quentin Fisher BSc, PhD

Quentin Fisher is Professor of Petroleum Geoengineering at the University of Leeds. He was awarded a PhD in low temperature geochemistry from the University of Leeds in 1993. He was worked for 18 years as a consultant conducting fault seal analysis for the petroleum industry.In 2007, he moved to the University of Leeds where is established the Wolfson Multiphase Flow laboratory.

His research focuses on integrating the various upstream petroleum geoscience and engineering disciplines (e.g. petroleum geology, petrophysics, geophysics, geomechanics and petroleum engineering). In recent years, he’s concentrated on unconventional reservoirs and coupled fluid flow-geomechanical modelling. He has been involved in several large joint industry projects including IPEGG (Integrated Petroleum Engineering, Geomechanics and Geophysics); PETGAS (petrophysics of tight gas sandstones), SHAPE (shale permeability analysis); FRACGAS (hydraulic fracturing of shales), and GESER (geomechanics of tight gas sandstone reservoirs).

Professor Ian Main

Professor Ian Main BSc, MSc, PhD, FRSE.

Ian Main is currently Professor of Seismology and Rock Physics at the University of Edinburgh. He is interested in the processes that lead up to catastrophic failure events, from earthquakes, rock fracture, and volcanic eruptions to failure of building materials and bridges. He is particularly interested in the population dynamics of localised brittle failure as a complex, non-linear (unreasonable) system, as well as the influence of old, new and reactivated faults and fault zones on fluid flow underground, including oil and gas fields, groundwater aquifers, and potential CO2 storage sites.

Current research projects involve: observing and modelling brittle rock deformation in the laboratory and in a deep-sea experiment; geo-hazard forecasting in real time using a web-based portal; Strategies and tools for Real-Time EArthquake RisK ReducTion (REAKT), earthquake statistics,  especially triggering phenomena; modelling and observing localising signatures of catastrophic failure in rocks and other complex materials; the effect of stress, faults and fractures on flow rates in oil reservoirs; and identifying reservoir fluid compartments.

In knowledge transfer he is working on commercialisation of a recently-developed method of statistical reservoir analysis, as an aid to enhanced oil recovery and monitoring of CO2 storage sites.

Ian is currently a member of: The HEFCE Research Excellence Framework (REF) Panel on Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences; the Research Advisory Forum of the Scottish Energy Technology Partnership; and the Scottish Regional Advisory Group for Enhanced Learning and Research for Humanitarian Assistance.

He gave the Bullerwell lecture in Geophysics in 1997, and moderated the Nature debate on earthquake prediction in 1999. He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 2009, and has just completed a Scottish Government/RSE research support fellowship.

Professor Jürgen Rullkötter

Professor Jürgen Rullkötter Dipl.-Chem., Dr. rer. nat. habil.

Jürgen Rullkötter is a professor of organic geochemistry at the University of Oldenburg, Germany. He received his PhD degree at the University of Cologne in 1974.

With his experience in analytical and natural product chemistry he joined the Institute of Petroleum and Organic Geochemistry at the Research Centre Jülich (Germany) where he stayed for 17 years to investigate the bulk and molecular composition of fossil organic matter and petroleum. This research largely contributed to the understanding of the chemical processes and quantitative aspects of petroleum formation.

Biological marker parameters developed during that time are now widely used in the petroleum industry for oil/oil and oil/source rock correlation, for maturity assessment of organic matter and crude oils and for studying bacterial degradation of oils in reservoirs and in the environment.

With the development of environmental concerns, Professor Rullkötter extended his research to the microbial transformation of petroleum compounds in natural oil seeps and anthropogenic oil spills and, as a side aspect, to the investigation of asphalts used by the ancient Egyptians for mummification.

After he joined the University of Oldenburg in 1992, much of his research was devoted to palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic reconstructions based on the organic matter in marine sediments from the continental margins of the world’s oceans and to early diagenetic processes in coastal sediments of Holocene and Recent age.

He continued to work, however, on several aspects of petroleum in the environment and, among others, served on the NERC Committee on Decommissioning dealing with the scientific aspects of deep sea disposal of offshore structures, with the Brent Spar as an example of the environmental aspects of dismantling and using its parts for a harbour extension. He recently became a member of the Research Board of the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative.

Mr Richard J. Clements

Mr Richard J. Clements BSc, CEng, MIMechE, MIMarEST

Mr Clements studied mechanical engineering at the Lanchester College of Technology now the University of Coventry).

The early part of his career was spent in the marine application of gas turbines with Rolls Royce before moving to Shell International Marine as a project engineer. The work involved finding solutions to problems arising from the operation of tankers, including the development of efficient methods of operating steam turbine propulsion plant below the design condition to minimise fuel costs; investigating the possibility of using nuclear power for marine propulsion plants as an alternative to oil fuel; finding means of access for inspecting the large cargo tanks and improving the braking performance of anchor windlasses to avoid losing anchors.

He was later seconded to Shell Research to develop sub sea valves and actuators for the offshore industry before returning to Shell International Marine to work on problems with the handling of residual fuel oils on board ship. He has also spent has six years managing projects for a UK research funding agency, many of them associated with the offshore petroleum industry.

Mr Clements has been the Secretary for a number of similar review groups concerned with the disposal of drill cuttings and other offshore decommissioning projects.

Professor W. Brian Wilkinson

Professor W. Brian Wilkinson BScEng, BScGeol, PhD, FICE, FCIWEM, FGS, CEng, CGeol, F Russ Acad. Nat.Sci.

Professor Wilkinson is an environmental engineer, geologist and surface and ground water hydrologist with 40 years experience.

He is currently Visiting Professor at the Universities of Reading and Newcastle Upon Tyne and an independent consultant. His PhD from University of Manchester (1968) was in Soil Mechanics.

He has worked with consulting engineers on the design and construction of large dams and water supply projects and was a Senior Engineer at the Water Resources Board (1969 – 1974). As Head of the Water Resources Division of the UK Water Research Centre he led a wide range of research projects.

From 1984 to 1989 he was Professor of Civil Engineering at Cranfield University. In 1989 he was appointed Director of the Institute of Hydrology and in 1995, became the first Director of the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology with responsibility for a £30m pa research budget.

During this time he was UK Government Hydrological Adviser to the World Meteorological Organisation Commission for Hydrology and the UK Science Representative and Leader of the UK Science Delegation to the 1997 UNESCO General Conference. He was a founder member of the European Water Research Director’s group EURAQUA.

Recently he has been involved in assessment and monitoring of the £1bn EC environmental research programme and has led a UNESCO International Review Panel examining the environmental impacts of proposed uranium mining in a major World Heritage site in Australia.

He has published some 80 papers and edited several books. He is currently an Advisor to the Transport for London Safety, Health and Environment Committee.

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